Biography of Charles Goodyear Inventor of Rubber Tires and Retread


Biography of Charles Goodyear Inventor of Rubber Tires and Retread


Charles Goodyear was an American inventor in the 19th century, best known for inventing the vulcanizing process for rubber.

Goodyear was born in 1800 in New Haven, Connecticut. His father was an inventor and hardware maker. Goodyear worked in his father's button factory and studied at home.

In 1816 he was apprenticed to a hardware store in Philadelphia. Returning home in 1821, he entered into a business partnership with his father until 1830 when the company had to close.

The US rubber industry at that time was suffering from the "rubber fever" which first hit the world. At first, rubber seemed crazy and thousands of tons were imported from Brazil to produce various products.

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However, it quickly becomes impractical as it melts completely in summer and solidifies into a hard, unusable substance in winter.

Goodyear had invented a rubber shield that it was trying to sell to the Roxbury Indian Rubber Co. (America's first rubber producer), but the store manager refused, explaining that he already had a lot of unsold products and didn't profit from disgruntled customers.

Charles Goodyear decided to investigate how rubber could be repaired. Despite living in extreme poverty and being sent to prison many times due to debt for failing to fulfill his obligations, Goodyear remained relentless with his research and devoted most of his life to the pursuit of this ambition.

While in prison, he asked his wife to bring raw rubber and rollers, so he started his first experiment in 1834. After his release from prison, he tried adding magnesium powder to the rubber mixture to prevent sticking.

He got some success from his experiments, so he asked his little friend to invest his money in his business. Goodyear, with his wife and children, made several hundred pairs of dry magnesia rubber boots on the floor of his family's kitchen, but by summer all the shoes were sticky.

Because of the smell of rubber, neighbors complained about the experiment, so Goodyear moved to New York and continued to work in an apartment there.

He faced opposition from family members who tried to convince him that Rubber would not return, but Goodyear insisted, declaring that he would be a successful man.

Time and again he came close to finding solid financial backing, but these endeavors never went as well as he had hoped. In 1839, Goodyear accidentally discovered a process called vulcanization.

A piece of rubber was accidentally thrown onto the hot surface of the stove and when Goodyear tried to scrape it off he found that it had hardened and become very hard.

He spent the next five years perfecting the process as he and his family grew poorer, so they had to live on fish taken from the river to eat. He even had to live in an abandoned factory because he lost his house.

Charles Goodyear obtained an important patent in 1944, but his idea was stolen by another rubber manufacturer and as a result he spent a lot of time in court discussing patent claims.

He received a total of 60 patents for the application of the vulcanization process in the manufacture of various products such as condoms, contraceptives, syringes and diaphragms.

When he died in 1960, his total debt was $200,000 and it wasn't until after his death that his wife and children began to make enough money on patents.

His method of vulcanization revolutionized the rubber industry and the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, founded in 1898, was named after him.



A Brief Story of the Invention of Rubber Tires By Charles Goodyear


Known as the inventor of the rubber tire he was born in New Haven on December 29, 1800. He was an American citizen who discovered the method of vulcanizing rubber in 1839. He then patented the invention in 1844. Initially, Charles Goodyear was a former merchant who went bankrupt and was imprisoned. because of debt. In 1830 the world was hit by the rubber fever and Charles Goodyear was interested in the world of rubber.

The rubber is good, but smells bad, hard when cold and very sticky when hot and useless. Charles Goodyear founded the company and did everything he could to create useful materials. Previously, he had tried to process rubber materials with magnesium oxide, bronze flour, nitric acid, and lime glue for seven years, but to no avail.

On a sunny day in 1839, he cleaned his hands with a powder made of a mixture of rubber and sulfur. The powder falls and goes into the burnt oven. When the rubber melted, he reacted with the sulfur material and found that the material changed to an elastic property like leather. This is the first time rubber or rubber tires are found.

Goodyear can also find weather-resistant rubber. After that, he became obsessed with making various items from his own materials and patenting his creations. Goodyear's intention to patent this invention was overtaken by a British rubber pioneer named Thomas Hancock, whose remodeling method was ironically inspired by Goodyear's example of weather-resistant rubber. He also tried to fight through legal channels but ultimately lost and lost the French patent, and not only that, his royalties were revoked.

The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company was founded in 1898 by Frank Seiberling, the world's third largest tire and rubber producer after Michelin and Bridgestone. The company, headquartered in Ohio, United States, produces tires for cars, airplanes, and heavy equipment. Although unrelated, the company name is used in honor of Charles Goodyear who discovered the vulcanization of rubber in 1839.

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In August 1824, Goodyear married Clarissa Beecher and had 7 children, including William Henry Goodyear. Charles Goodyear died in New York on July 1, 1860, leaving a debt of $200,000. But in the end, Goodyear's sacrifice and hard work was not in vain, because his family could benefit from the accumulated royalties from his invention, and more importantly, his name has been imprinted as a pioneer of the modern rubber industry in the world. .

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