Ways to Overcome Juvenile Delinquency and Application of Albert Cohen's Theory of Delinquent Subculture

Ways to Overcome Juvenile Delinquency

Solutions for Juvenile Delinquency From the various factors and problems that occur among today's youth as mentioned above, of course there are some appropriate solutions in the development and improvement of today's youth. Juvenile delinquency in any form has negative consequences both for the general public and for the youth themselves. Actions to overcome juvenile delinquency can be divided into:

1. Preventive Actions Prevention of juvenile delinquency in general can be done in the following ways:
  • Recognizing and knowing the general and distinctive characteristics of adolescents
  • Knowing the difficulties that are generally experienced by teenagers. Which difficulties are usually the cause of the emergence of an outlet in the form of delinquency.

2. Youth development efforts can be carried out through:

1. Strengthening the mental attitude of adolescents so that they are able to solve the problems they face.

2. Providing education is not only in increasing knowledge and skills but also mental and personal education through teaching religion, character and etiquette.

3. Providing facilities and creating an optimal atmosphere for proper personal development

The guidance provided to adolescents is carried out in two approaches:

1. The direct approach, namely the guidance given personally to the teenager himself. Through conversation reveal the difficulties of adolescents and help overcome them.

2. Approach through groups, where he is already a member of the group or small group .

3 . Repressive Action

Efforts to take action against violations of social and moral norms can be carried out by punishing every act of violation. With the existence of firm sanctions for juvenile delinquents, it is hoped that later the perpetrator will be "deterred" and not do things that deviate again. Therefore, follow-up must be enforced through punishment or direct punishment for those who commit crimes indiscriminately. For example, youth must obey the rules and ordinances that apply in the family. Besides that, there needs to be some kind of punishment made by parents for violations of family rules and regulations. The implementation of the rules must be carried out consistently. Any violation of the same should be subject to the same sanctions. Meanwhile, the rights and obligations of family members change according to their development and age. In the school environment, it is the principal who is authorized to carry out penalties for violations of school rules. In some cases, teachers also have the right to act. However, severe penalties such as suspension or expulsion from school are the authority of the principal. Teachers and supervisory staff are tasked with conveying data regarding violations and possible violations and their consequences. In general, repressive measures are given in the form of giving verbal warnings. or in writing to students and parents, carry out special supervision by the principal and a team of teachers or supervisors and prohibit schooling for a while (suspension) or so on depending on the type of violation of school rules.

4 . Improve Viewpoint

Improving perspective by trying to be optimistic and live in "reality", meaning that teenagers should be educated from a young age so that they do not have dreams that are not in accordance with their abilities so that when teenagers get disappointed they will be able to respond positively.

5. Maintaining a Balanced Lifestyle

That is the need for adolescents to learn discipline by managing time, emotions, energy and thoughts well and usefully, for example managing time in daily activities and filling free time with positive activities.

6. Be Honest With Yourself

That is realizing that basically every individual wants the best for themselves. So that promiscuity can be avoided. So with this teens do not abuse their emotions and themselves.

7. Improve the Way of Communicating

Improving the way of communicating with other people so that good relations with the community are fostered, to limit ourselves to activities that have a negative impact we can start with good communication with the people around us.

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8. Teenagers Need To Think For The Future

Teenagers rarely think about the future. If every teenager is able to instill the question "What will happen to me later if I neglect to take steps to become a better individual?" then it is accompanied by positive actions for the self-improvement of the youth. With that, teenagers will think long about doing deviant things and will reduce the number of teenagers who are exposed to HIV & AIDS later.

9. Lots of Positive Activities

This method according to various studies is very effective. Free association, usually carried out by young people who have a lot of free time, a lot of playing time, and weekend nights. So, to anticipate this, diverting time for activities through positive things needs to be developed. For example, by involving young people in social organizations, pursuing their hobbies and developing them into profitable businesses, as well as participating in youth creativity events. Thus, his youth will be devoted to positive things and less time to think about negative things such as promiscuity.

10. Socialization of the Dangers of Promiscuity

Among young people, promiscuity is often done because they may not know the consequences. For example, a deadly venereal disease. Well, socializing this. Information about the dangers posed by promiscuity should continue to be disseminated among young people. It is hoped that they will also have information for their common sense considerations. If this information has not been obtained, there is a possibility that they will continue to engage in promiscuity as they please. However, if the information has been obtained but they are still determined to do that, it is another matter. It seems that there needs to be special handling, especially those who are openly proud to have promiscuity.

11. Enforcing the Rule of Law

For those who are proud, there is nothing else that can stop them other than the existence of legal instruments and the rule of law that can ensnare them. At least as a deterrent effect. Such things must be formulated and implemented through the laws in force in our country. This step is the last bastion to save young people from immorality because promiscuity behavior will automatically destroy this nation

Application of Albert Cohen's theory of delinquent subculture

According to Cohen, deliquent subculture (sub-culture whose values conflict with the values of the dominant culture) this problem arises in the slum areas of big cities in the United States. According to Cohen, the relative position of young families in the social structure determines the problems children face throughout their lives. lower-class families who never knew the lifestyle of a middle-class family. For example, they cannot socialize their children in a way that would prepare them to enter the middle class. Children grow up with poor communication skills, weak commitment to education and an inability to delay desires.

Delinquent children reverse the norms of the middle class, by making their own actions without regard to the truth. As a consequence, their delinquent actions are carried out without any useful purpose and solely for their evil and pleasure. So these kids don't steal things to eat, wear or sell. Their delinquents are shown to fight random people and property, unlike goal-oriented activities like adult criminal groups do.

Conclusion The problem of juvenile delinquency

Conclusion The problem of juvenile delinquency includes all behaviors that deviate from the norms of criminal law committed by juveniles. Such behavior will harm himself and those around him. The factors behind the occurrence of juvenile delinquency can be grouped into internal factors and external factors. Internal factors in the form of identity crisis and weak self-control. While external factors in the form of lack of attention from parents; lack of understanding of religion; the influence of the surrounding environment and the influence of western culture and association with peers; and places of education.

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The consequences caused by juvenile delinquency will have an impact on the teenager himself, his family, and the community environment. Solutions in tackling juvenile delinquency can be divided into preventive measures, repressive measures, and curative and rehabilitation measures. The internal solutions for a teenager in controlling juvenile delinquency include: Failure to achieve role identity and weak self-control can be prevented or overcome by exemplary principles , There is motivation from family, teachers, peers to do the first point , teenagers channel their energy in various positive activities.

Juvenile delinquency is not a real crime like a group of adults who have a purpose and intention to commit a crime. The Delinquent subculture theory here is a picture of the mindset of a child who is not yet an adult so that children or adolescents can take actions that harm others but they are not aware of it.

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