The Uniqueness of Homeschooling Compared to Formal Schools

The Uniqueness of Homeschooling Compared to Formal Schools

Alternative homeschooling education has similarities with formal schools, including the following:

1. As a model for children's education.

2. Aiming for a better future for children.

3. Media to achieve educational goals such as intelligence and skills.

Meanwhile, there are differences between homeschooling and formal schools, including:

Formal school:

education system has standardization determined by the government, the management uses a centralized/regulated curriculum, the schedule or learning activities are standardized with the applicable system, the responsibility for education is left to the teacher or school institution while the role of parents is relatively minimal, and the learning model of parents only supervises course .

Homeschooling alternative educational institutions :

education system is adapted to the needs of children and families, the management uses an open curriculum that can be chosen, the schedule or learning activities are flexible according to mutual agreement, the role of parents is very involved even as a determinant of success, and the learning model depends on the commitment and creativity of parents / students in designing as needed.

Homeschooling Triggers and Supporting Factors

1. Formal school failure

Both in the United States and in Indonesia, the failure of formal schools to produce a better quality of education is a trigger for families in Indonesia and abroad to organize homeschooling. This home school is considered to be able to produce quality education.

2. Multiple Intelligence Theory

One of the educational theories that is influential in the development of homeschooling is the Multiple Intelligences Theory in the book Frames of Minds: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences (1983) which was initiated by Howard Gardner. Gardner initiated the theory of multiple intelligences. At first, he found the distinction of 7 types of human intelligence (intelligence). Then, in 1999, he added 2 new types of intelligence to become 9 types of human intelligence. The types of intelligence are: Linguistic intelligence; Mathematical-logical intelligence; Visual-space intelligence; bodily-kinesthetic intelligence; Musical intelligence; Interpersonal intelligence; Intrapersonal intelligence; Environmental intelligence; and Existential Intelligence.

Gardner's theory triggers parents to develop the intelligence potentials of their children. Often formal schools are not able to develop children's intelligence, because the formal school system often suppresses children's intelligence.
(The reference book that can be used regarding the theory of multiple intelligences is in Indonesian, Theory of Multiple Intelligences, by Paul Suparno, Kanisius: 2003) .

3. Famous homeschooling figure

The number of important world figures who can succeed in life without undergoing formal schooling also triggers the emergence of homeschooling. For example, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Alfa Edison, KH. Agus Salim, Ki Hajar Dewantara and other figures.
Benjamin Franklin for example, he managed to become a statesman, scientist, inventor, civil leader and public servant not because of studying in formal schools. Franklin only spent two years attending school because his parents could not afford the tuition fees. The rest, he learns about life and various things from time to time at home and other places where he can study.

4. Availability of various facilities

Today, the development of homeschooling is also triggered by the facilities that develop in the real world. These facilities include educational facilities (libraries, museums, research institutes), public facilities (parks, stations, roads), social facilities (parks, orphanages, hospitals), business facilities (malls, exhibitions, restaurants, factories, rice fields). , plantations), and technology and information facilities (internet and audiovisual).

Homeschooling Curriculum and Teaching Materials

In Indonesia, there is only the National Education curriculum, while abroad there are many options, from free to the most expensive. The curriculum in homeschooling is not forced to have the National Education parent, but for those who will use the National Education curriculum it is not a problem. Usually those referring to the Education curriculum for 1 semester can be taken faster with 3 months.

The steps that can be taken in implementing the curriculum:

1. First, find out what competencies the child must master .

2. Develop all existing competencies .

3. Create a fun method of learning.

The majority of homeschoolers (70%) choose their own teaching materials and curriculum. Then make adjustments to the needs of children, families and government prerequisites. 24% of them use a complete curriculum package purchased from curriculum providers. And about 3% use materials from homeschooling partners run by local institutions.

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