The Role of Schools in the Development of Student Developmental Tasks

The Role of Schools in the Development of Student Developmental Tasks

Schools are formal educational institutions that systematically carry out guidance, teaching and training programs in order to help students to be able to develop their potential, both concerning moral-spiritual, intellectual, emotional, and social aspects.

Read : Kholbergs Theory of Moral Development, Preschool Phase and School Child Phase  

Regarding the role of schools in developing children's personalities, Hurlock (1986: 322) suggests that schools are a determining factor for the development of children's personalities (students), both in ways of thinking, behaving, and behaving. Schools act as substitutes for families and teachers as substitutes for parents. There are several reasons why schools play a significant role in the development of a child's personality, namely:

a) Students must be present at school.

b) Students have an influence on children from an early age along with the development of their "self-concept".

c) Children spend more time at school than anywhere else outside the home.

d) Schools provide opportunities for students to achieve success.

e) Schools provide the first opportunity for children to assess themselves and their abilities realistically.

According to Havighurs (1961: 5) schools have an important role or responsibility in helping students achieve their developmental tasks. In this regard, schools should strive to create a conducive climate or conditions that can facilitate students (who are teenagers) to achieve their development. The tasks of adolescent development involve aspects of maturity in social interaction, personal maturity, maturity in achieving a philosophy of life, and maturity of faith and piety to God Almighty.

In essence, the tasks of human development, especially students who are in their teens, consist of three main studies:

1) Social relations: namely as educators we must know and direct students in establishing good social relationships and avoiding bad social relationships.

2) Achieving independent maturity: that is, there are times when students reach their maturity, and that will gradually be realized by the students themselves.

3) Strengthening faith in God Almighty: that is, the more mature the age of the student, the more belief in God will be. We as educators must guide in strengthening students to God Almighty.

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