Principles of Counseling Guidance, Confidentiality, Openness, Modern and Independence


Principles of Counseling Guidance


Principles are all things that must be fulfilled in carrying out an activity, so that the activity can be carried out properly and get satisfactory results. In the activities/services of guidance and counseling according to Prayitno (1982) there are several principles that need to be considered, namely:

a. Principle of Confidentiality

This principle has a very important meaning in guidance and counseling services. It may not be too much of an exaggeration if this principle is called the key principle in the delivery of these services. In part, the success of counseling services is largely determined by this principle, because the client will be willing to reveal his situation to very personal matters, if he believes that the counselor can keep his secret. With the openness of the client, it will make it easier for the counselor to find the source of the cause of the problem, which in turn can make it easier to find or find a way to solve the problems faced by the client.

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b. Principle of Openness

Counselors should try to create an atmosphere of openness in discussing the problems experienced by clients. Clients openly express feelings, thoughts, and desires that are thought to be the source of the problem. The client feels free to express his feelings and the counselor can accept it well. Counselors are also open in providing responses to things raised by clients. However, it cannot be implemented properly. Therefore, the principle of confidentiality will greatly support the creation of client openness in conveying problems.

c. Volunteer Principle

Counselors have a major role in realizing this volunteerism. counselors must be able to reflect this principle in accepting clients. When the counselor is not ready to accept the client's presence for one reason or another, such as not having enough time for consultation due to other events; body or feeling unwell; is having a rather serious problem, and so on. This condition of the counselor may not be realized, if they are forced to do a consultation. On the other hand, if the client does not want to voluntarily express his problem, the consultation is unlikely to be effective. This can happen, perhaps due to the client's unfavorable impression of the counselor, so that the problems faced are reluctant to be conveyed to the counselor.

d. Modern principles

Problem solving in counseling activities should focus on the problems experienced by the client at this time. what is felt and thought during the consultation is the center of attention in finding a solution. Counselors don't get caught up in issues that are no longer a problem for the client. If that happens, the service activity will not provide a solution to the problem faced by the client. For example: the client complains that his learning achievement is low. The discussion should be oriented to problems related to the low learning achievement, and not other things that are no longer related to the problem.

e. The principle of independence
 
Guidance and counseling services aim to make clients able to stand on their own, not depending on others or depending on the counselor. Individuals who are guided after being assisted are expected to be independent with the main characteristics of being able to:
 
a. Know yourself and your environment as they really are.
b. Accept yourself positively and dynamically.
c. Make decisions for and by yourself.
d. Direct yourself according to that decision.
e. Realize yourself optimally according to your potential, interests, and abilities.
 
Independence with the general characteristics above must be adjusted to the level of development and the role of the client in daily life. Independence as a result of counseling becomes the direction of

f. Activity Principle

Guidance and counseling service efforts will be able to take place well, if the client is willing to carry out the activities discussed in the service himself. Therefore, the counselor should be able to motivate the client to carry out all the suggestions that have been conveyed. The success of guidance and counseling services does not materialize by itself, but must be sought by the client himself.

g. Dynamic Principle

The direction of guidance and counseling services is the realization of changes in the client, namely changes in behavior for the better. In accordance with the unique nature of human beings, the counselor must provide services in tune with the changes in the client. The change is not just a monotonous repetition, but a change towards progress.



h. Principle of Cohesiveness

The client's personality is a unity from various aspects. In providing services to clients, aspects of the client's personality should always be considered which are directed to achieve harmony or cohesion. If the integration of these aspects is not realized, it will actually cause new problems.

In addition to the integration of the services provided, counselors must also pay attention to the integration of the content and process of the services provided, so that there is no incompatibility or conflict with other aspects of the service.

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i. Normative Principle

The purpose of this principle is that the guidance and counseling service business that is carried out should not conflict with applicable norms, so that there is no rejection of the individuals being guided. Both rejection in the process and suggestions or decisions discussed in counseling.

j. Principle of Expertise

Guidance and counseling services are professional, and therefore cannot be carried out by people who are not educated and trained or prepared for it. Counseling services require a special skill. Counselors must be really trained for it, so that the service is truly professional.

k. The Principle of Transfer of Hands

This principle is intended to avoid the occurrence of inappropriate service delivery. Counselors are not all-rounders and know-it-alls, so in providing services they need to limit themselves according to their expertise. If the client's problems are found that are beyond their expertise, the counselor should immediately transfer them to other experts. Every problem should be handled by an expert who is competent to do so.

l. Encouragement Principle

After the client gets the service, the client should feel that the service is not only when the client raises his problem. Outside the service, the meaning of guidance and counseling should still be felt, so as to create a harmonious relationship between the counselor and his client. Clients should feel helped and feel safe for the provision of the service. In problem solving, the counselor should not be used as a tool by the client but the client himself who must make the decision. Counselors are ready to help at any time if in practice, the client experiences problems or clashes again.

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