Dance Movements Are: Definition, Elements, Types, Forms and Principles

This time we will talk about the Dance Movement. Here we will discuss in detail the basic definitions, elements, types, types, shapes and movements. Read the following explanation carefully, do not miss.

Definition of Dance

Dance movement is a key element in dance. Dance movements always involve elements of the human body. Movement in dance serves as a medium for conveying the specific intentions of the choreographer.

Dance movement is a change in the position or attitude of the limbs while dancing. Dance movement is a key element in dance. In dance movements, beauty treatments are divided into stylative and distortive movements.

Stylative movements are movements that have gone through a process of processing that leads to a beautiful dance form. Whereas, Distortive Motion is a motion processing that has undergone a process of repair from the original and is one of the styling processes.

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Understanding the Art of Dance According to Experts

Here are some opinions from dance experts, as follows :

1. Corie Hartong

Dance is a dance that has rhythmic movements. Dance is the urge of feelings present in his heart, which prompts him to express them with rhythmic body movements.

2. Aristotle

The art of dance is a rhythmic movement that has the purpose of providing a visualization of human character and behavior as they appreciate it.

3. Dr. Soedarsono

The art of dance is the expression of the soul through beautiful rhythmic movements (aesthetics). The expression of the soul is meant to be a spark of feelings and emotions accompanied by self -will. And a beautiful rhythmic movement is a dance movement that follows the rhythm of the accompaniment, thus creating an attraction to the audience.

Dance movement cannot be said to be the art of dance if it does not meet these three elements of dance. Rhythmic movement is said to be a dance if it meets the main elements of the dance, namely:

Key Elements of Dance Art

Movement cannot be said to be a dance if it does not fulfill the three elements. If one of these elements is absent, then the movement cannot be said to be a dance. What are these elements?

  • Dance must show body movements, either in a sitting or standing position.
  • The art of dance must have an element of rhythm that combines movement with the accompanying music, both in terms of tempo and rhythm.
  • Dance that must be able to convey feelings, messages through dance moves and expressions of the dancer.

Types of Dance Movements

Here are some types of dance moves, which are as follows :

1. Pure

movement Dance movement whose purpose is solely for aesthetic function so as only to beautify a dance without any intention to symbolize anything. Examples are twisting the ankle and stomping the foot without a specific purpose, or the movement of rolling the scarf at the end of the dance, etc.

2. Meaningful movement 

dance movement that in addition to its aesthetic function, also prioritizes a specific purpose or symbol of something to be conveyed to the dance audience. For example, in the Peacock dance there is a movement of spreading the scarf while moving around the stage which depicts the movement of a peacock, etc.

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Various types of dance moves

Here are some types of dance moves, as follows:

  • Classical Dance Movement is a dance movement that uses a lot of pure movements and expressive and imitative movements that have been styled or refined. The theme of movement also mimics human activity and animal behavior, but movement has been chosen and has symbolic value with a predetermined standard or pattern of movement.
  • Variety of Populist Dance Movement is a dance movement that uses a lot of imitative and expressive. Its movements mimic human activities and emotions to the point of mimicking the behavior of animals.
  • The New Creation Dance Movement is a dance movement that is formed from a combination of several types of traditional dance movements to become a new form. This new form feels more dynamic and energetic as it is supported by the younger generation and composed by creative choreographers
  • Imitation movement is a dance movement that is performed as a result of the exploration of movements that exist in nature other than human movements.
  • Imaginative movement is a movement designed by humans in forming a dance. This movement consists of meaningful movement and pure movement
  • Meaningful movement is a dance movement that contains meaning or has a specific purpose
  • Pure motion is motion that does not contain meaning, but still contains an element of beauty

Forms of Dance Movements Based on the Number of Dancers

Based on the number of dancers, the dance movement is divided into three parts, namely single movement, paired movement, and group movement, see the explanation below:

  • Single movement, is a dance movement performed by a dancer, both male and female, in performing the dance itself, the dancer must be more courageous, confident, and must be able to master the dance movements that will be performed. The variations of single dance movements are spot movement, spot moving movement, floor movement and jumping movement. Examples of single movements can be seen in Bondan dance, Gambir Anom dance, Ravana dance, Golek dance, Srikandi dance, and Sekar Putri dance.
  • Paired movements, usually performed by two dancers, a male dancer and a female dancer, or can also be done in pairs, a male and female. In performing movements in pairs, our movements with the dancing partner are not necessarily the same. The movement is usually done in the opposite direction or facing in a different direction. If the dance moves are done well and dense, the dance will be more beautiful.
  • Group movements, performed by three or more dancers, in performing group movements, each dancer may not stand out because of being bound by existing rules. This rule must be followed by all dancers to create harmony. Dance movements performed in groups prioritize integration so that in the formation of information there is a good and balanced composition.

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